What is the FSS (Social Insurance Fund), what does it do in the Russian Federation

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They’re shaped from the insurance coverage premiums of employers (administrations of enterprises, organizations, establishments and different financial entities, whatever the type of possession), in addition to insurance coverage premiums of residents engaged in self-employment and obliged to pay social insurance coverage contributions in accordance with the legislation.

All funds of the fund usually are not included within the budgets of the corresponding ranges, different funds, usually are not topic to withdrawal and are federal property. The finances of the Fund and the report on its execution are authorized by the federal legislation “On the Funds of the Social Insurance coverage Fund of the Russian Federation”, and the budgets of the regional and central sectoral departments of the fund and reviews on their implementation are authorized by the chairman of the fund.

For instance, FSS income in numerous intervals have been (see chart):

  • 2009 – 440 billion rubles,
  • 2010 – 463 billion rubles,
  • 2011 – 558 billion rubles,
  • 2018 – 708 billion rubles,
  • 2019 – 753 billion rubles,
  • 2020 – 783 billion rubles,
  • 2021 – 793 billion rubles.


Work guidelines

Each actual property and all the quantity on the account of the FSS is state property. Every particular person and authorized entity that’s the insured is obliged to pay the due quantity of contributions by the fifteenth day of the month. Relying on the traits of the group, the quantity of insurance coverage premiums is decided. It could differ relying on statistics for a specific area and demographics.

Every employer is obliged to ship contributions to the FSS, deducting them from the wage of staff within the following quantity:

  1. Cost for sick leaves and maternity depart: 2.9%.
  2. Compensation of payments for remedy and rehabilitation measures after accidents obtained at work: the quantity varies between 0.2% -8.5%.

The exact amount of the contribution depends on the type of organization, and

The precise quantity of the contribution depends upon the kind of group, in addition to on the salaries of staff. The skilled dangers confronted by staff in a specific enterprise are additionally taken into consideration. For employees in hazardous industries, contributions can be larger than for folks working in an workplace. If the employer tries to pay lower than what’s prescribed by legislation, a superb of 20% of the quantity that the inspection authorities contemplate unpaid will comply with.

FSS: construction

The Social Insurance coverage Fund consists of a number of divisions and departments. Administration and head workplace are situated in Moscow. In every area of Russia there’s a regional department of the FSS, and a department in every topic of the federation.

Which departments are included within the construction of the group:

  • Administrative management.
  • administration.
  • Evaluation of potential dangers.
  • Introduction of latest funds.
  • State providers and strategic growth.
  • Pre-trial settlement.
  • Informational.
  • Management and revision.
  • Contract service.
  • Provisions of the central workplace.
  • Organizations of insurance coverage funds.
  • Authorized.
  • Design.
  • Improvement of rehabilitation facilities.
  • Abstract-analytical.
  • Building and accounting.
  • Monetary.

Every division is accountable for the duties indicated within the title. The subordination construction of branches and departments is multilevel. Native branches of the FSS report back to regional places of work. Regional places of work ship reviews to the pinnacle workplace.

Forms of social insurance coverage

The FSS insures:

  1. In case of short-term incapacity, for instance as a consequence of sickness.
  2. In reference to motherhood, a number of sorts of advantages are offered right here directly, I’ll speak about them under.
  3. From accidents at work and occupational ailments.

On this case, insurance coverage could be obligatory and voluntary.

Obligatory social insurance coverage applies to all individuals employed below an employment contract. Insurance coverage premiums for them are paid by insurers – their employers.

Voluntary social insurance coverage obtainable to particular person entrepreneurs, notaries, legal professionals, members of peasant (farm) households and communities of indigenous peoples of the North – all of them could be insured, however solely in case of short-term incapacity or motherhood.

For voluntary insurance coverage, it’s good to register with the FSS – submit an utility to the department of the regional department – and pay annual contributions to the IFTS on the place of residence. If the contribution was paid for the earlier yr, then within the present yr, upon the prevalence of an insured occasion, will probably be doable to obtain advantages.

For instance, to ensure that a person entrepreneur to have the ability to obtain advantages in 2022, till December 31, 2021, he must pay 4451.62 R to the IFTS. This quantity was obtained from the next components: the minimal wage in 2021 – 12,792 R × 2.9% (that is the speed of insurance coverage premiums) × 12 months.

What’s the FSS, what does it do at present

The FSS is a authorities company accountable for making a monetary reserve to pay for assured medical providers, in addition to the cost of advantages.

The monetary reserve is created by:

  1. State finances receipts.
  2. Obligatory contributions paid by authorized entities.
  3. Contributions that people pay on to the fund.

In Russia, social insurance coverage is obligatory. Staff don’t have the appropriate to refuse it. Businessmen can’t however pay contributions to the Social Insurance coverage Fund, however they will shift this duty on to staff. Additionally, the employer can cut back the quantity of contributions by buying protecting tools for workers.

What’s the objective of the collected funds?

  • cost of sick leaves;
  • cost of maternity advantages;
  • cost for delivery certificates;
  • cost for short-term incapacity;
  • compensation for work-related accidents and accidents;
  • cost for issued vouchers for sanatorium remedy;
  • shopping for and meting out pharmaceuticals;
  • buy of prostheses and technical means for folks with disabilities.
  • reimbursement of funeral bills (on the minimal value accepted for every of the areas).

Thus, the FSS offers all assured advantages, aside from pensions. Some providers, such because the minimal maternity allowance, can be found to people who find themselves not working and don’t pay contributions.

The Social Insurance coverage Fund doesn’t insure property and doesn’t challenge CHI insurance policies.


The FSS system consists of three ranges – federal, regional and native.

How the FSS system works

Degree What’s included
Federal Chairman, Board of the FSS, central workplace of the FSS
Regional Regional places of work
Native Branches of regional branches

Degree What’s included Federal Chairman, FSS board, central workplace of the FSS Regional Regional branches Native Branches of regional branches

Chairman of the FSS RF performs managerial features – manages the fund, submits the draft finances of the fund for approval to the federal government, approves the construction and staffing of staff, takes measures based mostly on the outcomes of audits, and so on.

The Chairman is appointed by the Authorities of the Russian Federation on the proposal of the Minister of Labor of Russia. The chairman has six deputies.

Board of the FSS RF is a collegial physique at whose conferences the draft finances of the fund, its implementation, reviews on the outcomes of the actions of regional branches, and draft rules on state social insurance coverage points are mentioned. Conferences are held as wanted.

There are 35 folks on the board: the chairman of the fund and his first deputy, representatives of ministries, all-Russian associations of commerce unions, employers, folks with disabilities, the State Duma, the Federation Council and regional branches of the FSS. Members of the board are appointed by the Authorities of the Russian Federation, rotation happens periodically – a change of individuals on the board of the FSS.

Central workplace FSS RF supervises and ensures the actions of the fund. On the central workplace several departments and offices, every of which performs its personal features. For instance, some departments are accountable for personnel and monetary assist, others are accountable for insuring dangers that exist in manufacturing, controlling the receipt of insurance coverage premiums, auditing work, provision of customer support, actions of rehabilitation facilities and and so on.

Regional places of work arrange and management the work of the fund’s branches, that are created to work with policyholders and insured individuals.

Within the regional branches of the FSS, coordinating councils are created – these are conferences of representatives of the fund and different departments, unions of commerce unions, and employers. At such conferences, varied points essential for the actions of the muse are mentioned. For instance, how the fund’s finances is executed, authorities packages are being carried out, inspections are being carried out, and the inhabitants is offered sanatorium-resort remedy.

Branches of regional branches work “on the bottom”, they:

  1. Register insurers – people and authorized entities, and create databases of insurers and insured individuals.
  2. Verify the correctness of the calculation, timeliness and completeness of cost of insurance coverage premiums.
  3. Obtain from insurers the mandatory paperwork and explanations on points arising in the midst of inspections.
  4. They test the correctness of the data declared by the insurers (employers) for the cost of insurance coverage protection for obligatory social insurance coverage in case of short-term incapacity and in reference to motherhood, in addition to advantages for accidents and occupational ailments.

Branches are separate divisions of regional branches, and never separate authorized entities. Because of this they will solely act inside the powers given to them by the regional places of work, carry out all or a part of their features, characterize the pursuits and act on behalf of the regional places of work, and never on their very own.

Central department departments of the fund the truth is, not now, though they nonetheless seem within the Rules on the FSS. Beforehand, such departments have been wanted for the work of the FSS in sure sectors, for instance, nuclear vitality, trade, rocket and area industries, and so on. However then the administration precept modified from territorial and sectoral – that is administration each within the territories and within the branches – to the territorial, and all department places of work have been liquidated.

The fund’s CSC was created to handle social insurance coverage funds in sure sectors of the financial system. In 1999 there have been 8 such departments

Capabilities of the Social Insurance coverage Fund

The primary features of the social insurance coverage fund embrace:

  • insurance coverage in circumstances of short-term incapacity of residents;

  • maternity insurance coverage;

  • making sick depart funds;

  • making funds for advantages, together with such circumstances as short-term incapacity, being pregnant and childbirth, registration within the early levels of being pregnant (one-time), childbirth (one-time), childcare (month-to-month), for burial;

  • implementation of insurance coverage in opposition to circumstances of commercial accidents, in addition to occupational ailments, together with funds to injured residents within the manufacturing of insurance coverage protection, together with these made on a one-time and month-to-month foundation, cost for added bills within the framework of medical, social {and professional} rehabilitation, financing preventive measures to scale back accidents by manufacturing and occupational ailments, offering beneficiaries with vouchers to sanatoriums and resorts for remedy with the appropriate to free journey there and again;

  • offering individuals with disabilities with prostheses and different rehabilitation technical means;

  • cost for delivery certificates.

How does the fund work?

A attribute function of the insurance coverage system in Russia was once that every one the precise actions for the appointment and cost of advantages have been carried out by the employer.

The Fund, with its branches, carried out organizational and management features: it managed the right calculation of insurance coverage premiums by the employer, the meant use of insurance coverage funds, and the validity of the task of advantages.

The distribution of funds on the enterprise was entrusted to the pinnacle and chief accountant.

Disputable points have been resolved by a particular fee on social insurance coverage on the enterprise.

Now, all funds are made by the fund to the non-public accounts of the insured.

Thus, the burden is faraway from the enterprise, which solely transfers contributions.

The corporate makes funds just for the primary three days of a sick depart employee.

SNILS is definitely your particular person identification quantity linked to your account with the Pension Fund of Russia:

What to do, if lost SNILS

Easy methods to change SNILS when altering a surname HERE

Why does a baby want SNILS: